The freight structure needs to be optimized and the transaction links need to be reduced
" Overall, logistics costs are falling and efficiency is improving, but there is still a lot of room for optimization. " The head of a transportation enterprise in an eastern coastal city told reporters that in recent years the city has gradually improved its logistics facilities for export-oriented economy based on ports, but the infrastructure construction for domestic services such as logistics stations and warehouses has not kept pace.
As the enterprises feel, although China's logistics industry has made great progress, it still faces some bottlenecks. The most obvious one is that the freight structure needs to be optimized. The responsible person of the planning department of the Ministry of transport said that due to various modes of transport with varying degrees of marketization and short boards of facilities, China has not really formed a transport pattern of " water is suitable for water and land is suitable for land", especially the role of railways in the transport of large goods over medium and long distances still needs to be further developed.
The reason why the freight structure is not reasonable is directly related to the poor connection between modes of transport and the lagging development of multimodal transport.
According to the data, at present, the standardization rate of freight vehicles in China is less than 50 %, more than 20,000 types of goods vehicles are available, and the proportion of van-type goods vehicles in operating goods vehicles is also lower than that in European and American countries. Experts said that it is difficult to achieve " seamless connection" between freight vehicles and other means of transport such as railways, ships and logistics facilities, hindering the development of intermodal transport such as public rail and public water.
In addition, in some places, the contradiction between the logistics hub and urban traffic is prominent, and the roads leading into and out of the park are not well connected with the surrounding areas, which may easily lead to " dead storage" and " blocking points". As another example, some inland ports are far away from railway central stations, making it difficult to give full play to the advantages of intermodal transport.
At the same time, to reduce logistics costs, efforts should also be made to solve the problems of multiple transport transactions and multiple layers of costs. At present, the main body of supply and demand in China's road freight market is scattered and small in scale. 90 % of road transport enterprises are individual businesses, and transactions are usually completed between " acquaintances" and often require several " handovers" such as freight forwarders and cattle, which increases transaction costs.
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