Liu Ming suggested that every warehouse automation project needs to obtain future order quantity information at the beginning of the design, and design warehouses that can meet the sales demand based on future sales forecast. A good warehouse planner should accurately calculate the single piece cost and production efficiency after the project is put into operation according to the project input information. As long as the sales forecast at the design stage does not change greatly after the automatic warehouse is put into operation, the warehouse manager cannot change the warehouse FCPU through management means. Although VCPU has also been determined in the design phase, warehouse managers can reach the design efficiency index through management means and learning curve phase, and can also continuously simplify staff operations and optimize warehouse system processes, challenging higher production efficiency and indexes to achieve lower VCPU.
It can be seen that the cost and efficiency of the warehouse are designed, but the following points need to be paid attention to in the design process:
( 1 ) Sales forecast should be accurate. Over - aggressive sales forecast may have a huge and irreversible impact on the future of the project. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure the reliability of data as much as possible while taking into account scalability. If necessary, the design can be designed as a whole and implemented in stages.
( 2 ) Fixed asset investment should be calculated accurately. As far as possible, all parts of the costs incurred by the project are related to leaving a margin at the same time.
( 3 ) Production efficiency estimation after production should be accurate. It is possible to help complete accurate estimates by adding warehouse operators to the project team. In particular, enterprises that have launched the automation system for the first time should conduct adequate research and analysis, and pay attention to the later maintenance costs.
( 4 ) The scheme design should be detailed, rigorous, scientific and sufficient, and the project plan should leave enough design time for the design stage. A complete automatic warehousing scheme design, involving sales forecast, storage commodity analysis, order structure analysis, shelf design, warehousing strategy analysis and design, warehousing process design, automation scheme design, layout design, software system design, other related designs, scheme demonstration, scalability analysis, risk analysis, and automatic equipment selection analysis, etc. Detailed design scheme and sufficient design demonstration are the important guarantee for the success of an automated storage project.
( 5 ) Consider the time value of funds. Generally, automated storage schemes are expensive and enterprises need to obtain them through some financial instruments. Therefore, the time value of capital needs to be fully considered when calculating the investment amount.
( 6 ) Considering future changes in labor costs, further ensuring the accuracy of cost calculation.
( 7 ) Based on the future development and mature direction of warehousing technology, develop the enterprise's own warehousing automation standard solution. Amazon, the e-commerce giant, has done a good demonstration in this respect - forming a standard solution for e-commerce warehousing automation worldwide only needs to select a generation of automation solutions directly to make some adaptive adjustments according to the human cost situation in the country and the quantity of goods and shipments required to be stored in each warehouse. This method not only greatly reduces the investment cost of automated warehouses, but also facilitates the unified management of all warehouses around the world. It can also concentrate on designing and developing resources to focus on developing the next generation of automated warehousing solutions, which is very worthy of reference by domestic fast-growing e-commerce warehousing enterprises.