Application scenario of blockchain technology in logistics supply chain
At present, the application scenarios of blockchain in the field of logistics supply chain are mainly reflected in the following aspects.
1. Process optimization
Through the blockchain network, the receipt of documents in the logistics and supply chain is paperless, and the document flow and electronic sign-off process are written into the blockchain deposit certificate, so that the information flow in the transaction process is consistent with the document flow, providing real for billing. Accurate operational data. In the reconciliation session, the two parties write the key information (goods, quantity, value, freight, etc.) on their respective bills into the blockchain, complete the automatic reconciliation through the smart contract, and simultaneously link the abnormal reconciliation process. The reconciliation process is highly intelligent and highly trustworthy.
2. Supply chain collaboration
Through the blockchain network, the upstream and downstream core enterprises, suppliers, distributors, etc. of the supply chain are networked, and each participant jointly maintains a shared ledger, allowing data to be stored, shared and transferred among all parties, ensuring all the links. Enterprises can synchronize information efficiently and efficiently. Therefore, it can reliably grasp the situation of upstream and downstream enterprises, establish transaction relationships, track transaction status, make multi-party data safer and more efficient real-time sharing, eliminate manual time-consuming processes, and help reduce fraud and error risks and reduce enterprise management costs. .
3. Logistics and supply chain credit
Through the blockchain network, collect reliable data in all aspects of logistics and supply chain (such as transaction information, settlement information, service score, logistics time limit, etc.), and ensure the authenticity of the data through multi-party cross-validation of the blockchain network. Through the industry standard rating algorithm, the intelligent contract is used to automatically calculate the enterprise/individual credit rating, and the rating result is written into the blockchain to achieve limited and manageable credit data sharing and verification based on effective protection of data privacy. To provide high-reliability logistics and supply chain credit services for the industry.
4. Electronic deposit certificate
Through the blockchain network, the entire process of generating, storing, disseminating and using electronic data in the logistics and supply chain is credible. Users can record the whole process of operation and behavior in the blockchain directly through the program. For example, the electronic contract can be submitted online. Electronic evidence such as rights protection processes and service process details. The blockchain also provides trusted services for real-name authentication, electronic signature, time stamping, data deposit and blockchain, and establishes the entire trust system. Through the overall integrity of the structure, the blockchain can solve the information on the supply chain. A series of problems such as islands and difficulties in obtaining evidence.
5. Logistics and Supply Chain Finance
Through the blockchain network, the logistics and the participating entities in the supply chain financial chain (financial parties, suppliers, core enterprises, distributors, regulators, logistics parties, etc.) will be networked, and the assets in the offline trading scenario will be (such as warehouse receipts, accounts receivable, etc.) digitized and chained, digital assetization after the chain, the trust mechanism of the blockchain network can effectively realize the value of assets, and thus enable multi-level penetration of digital assets. Split and transfer, and let the credit of core enterprises penetrate small and medium-sized enterprises at both ends of the supply chain to solve the problem of financing difficulties and financing for SMEs.
6. Logistics tracking and product traceability
Through the blockchain network, the goods in the logistics and supply chain can be traced from source to production to transportation and delivery. The data guaranteed by the technical means such as time stamp and consensus mechanism can not be falsified and traced back to the source, providing technical support for supply chain traceability. At the same time, the chain and supervision and consumers are included in the supervision system, which realizes the three-party supervision and guarantees the supply chain. The process is transparent, breaking the traditional information island.
Reprinted from the network